The concept of exoneration is a crucial point of contextual therapy. To this day there is debate as to whether exoneration and forgiveness are synonymous, or whether there is a difference between the two concepts. In his presentation Dr. Jaap van der Meiden will discuss findings from recent collaborative international research on forgiveness of parents exploring similarities and differences between exoneration and forgiveness. This analysis will help clinicians guide those who are stuck in broken relationships along the path of exoneration and forgiveness into a process of recovery or even reconciliation between family members. This topic is especially timely in the era of increased family estrangement.